12 Programming Languages for Ethical Hacking

Ethical hacking will help detect vulnerabilities in computer networks, thereby preventing network attacks or data breaches. Hacking experts must stay updated with hackers’ latest trends, including programming languages.

This article will show you the most common programming languages for ethical hackers. You can refer to these languages to handle many hacking tasks.

Depending on your target, you can learn many languages. Here are the most valuable languages for hacking that you should know.


HTML is a popular language for coders to write their websites in. Accordingly, most hackers must be proficient in web data mining with HTML forms.

Besides, experts also use this language to run mobile applications and software at high speed. HTML is an easy language to learn. Once you’ve mastered it, you can dig into the holes in apps and websites to fix the bugs.

2. JavaScript

JavaScript is a language that you should pursue and master. It is handy for hacking apps and software, especially when discovering safety holes in libraries.

In addition, ethical hackers can also use JavaScript to read stored cookies, run cross-scripting programs, and distribute and create malware.

3. PHP

PHP is a web server scripting language. Using this language, you can process HTML forms, modify settings on web servers, and perform other custom tasks.

Besides, PHP is also the ideal language for users to learn more web hacking techniques. For instance, hackers can write custom applications to protect the server from attack attempts.

In short, PHP is a powerful server language, making it possible for ethical hackers to fend off malicious attacks. Knowing PHP will also help hackers control a better data system.

4. SQL

For hackers, SQL can be a tool to run many hacking programs. They will use SQL injection to view and modify information in the server data.

Yet, ethical hackers can use this language to fend off cyber attacks. SQL is the language used to communicate with databases.

For ethical hacking, this language brings great benefits. Hackers can perform tasks such as weak login applications or deleting data from the database.

SQL is also the programming language for interacting with databases. In-depth knowledge of this language will help hackers know the internal data structure.

It is suitable for working with extensive data systems. Knowing the techniques with this language will help you defend against significant data attacks.

5. Python

Python is a helpful language for running automation tools and scripts for ethical hacking. Most hackers today use this language to write hacking scripts and handle malicious programs.

Python also makes the hacking process easier. It provides many modules for hackers to detect vulnerabilities in the system.

It is also famous as a language with a vast user community ready to support it. Beginners can write automation scripts with Python with help from experts.

6. Ruby

Ruby often appears in corporate system attacks. Moreover, it is also handy for writing smaller scripts. So, if you want to avoid learning a complex language like Bash, Ruby is a perfect choice.

7. Bash

Bash is the default programming language for UNIX and Linux operating systems. Accordingly, it has many upsides for hackers to gain access to data.

In particular, Bash also adds a feature that allows interactive line editing. It will support navigation through folders and automated tasks, making safe control over any website structure more accessible.

Bash is also a good choice for beginners. Accordingly, controlling work on architectures that support Bash will be easy for you.

8. Perl

Perl has many different features from the above programming languages. It is not an open-source language but comes with an extensive host network and about 100,000 modules for download. Each module includes multiple functions.

You can use these versatile modules to perform network routing, access different network sources, add scripts, and even steal data.

Perl is also a language to detect vulnerabilities inside your system. Accordingly, hackers will install code to mimic real-world attacks and measure the extent of security on the system.

Finally, it is also a great choice if you often work with Linux text files.

9. C and C++

C, C++ is no longer a strange language to any coders. Yet, besides supporting coding, it can play a crucial role that ethical hackers must handle.

They will use C or C++ to write and run their malicious test code. As a low-level programming language, C is easy for freshers, especially in safety.

C or C++ still allows you to access system resources quickly on many operating systems. You can work on both Macbook and Windows laptops to do your tests.

One benefit for hackers that only C or C++ offers is its diverse shellcodes. Learning about this language, you will understand how to build and exploit malicious software to find prevention methods.

10. Java

Like C and C++, Java is also a common language. With it, you can create software, run apps, analyze data, install hardware, and more.

In ethical hacking, Java is a functional language. Thanks to its cross-platform, Java can work on many operating systems. Hackers can therefore manage cross-platform risks with this common language.

In short, knowing Java also allows hackers to move into deep work with software and mobile operating systems like Android.

11. C#

C# is a powerful multi-object language. It inherits many boons and overcomes the downsides of standard languages like C++ and Java.

Since its inception, C# has served purposes, including ethical hacking. It is suitable for working with large-scale, simple software with only a few functions.

12. VBScript

VBScript now only works on Microsoft’s IE platform. Yet, it is still one of the relatively strong programming languages for ethical hacking.

Its main advantages are good support for using Microsoft software tools embedded in websites or legacy apps.


Above are the best programming languages for ethical hacking. If you want to work as a cyber safety expert, you should try to master one of the options above.

The more knowledge you have about programming languages, the more straightforward your process of dealing with cybercrime will be.

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