Computer Systems Analyst Career Overview & Outlook

Computer systems analysts combine their business and information technology expertise to develop advanced computer systems for clients and within the business. This article will give you an in-depth guide to a computer systems analyst career. Let’s read on to discover!

Job Description

Computer systems analysts, also known as systems architects, examine the organization’s existing computer systems and processes. They also provide solutions to support the organization’s efficiency and effectiveness.

By understanding the requirements and restrictions of both, computer systems analysts bring information technology (IT) and the business together.


The majority of computer systems analysts focus on computer systems unique to the company they work for.

They also team up with the firm’s business executives to help other information technology staff understand how the computer systems may satisfy a business.

Analysts may view procedures and data flow through data modeling. They also monitor computer programs within the business.

To improve an organization’s computer systems, analysts conduct in-depth testing and evaluate facts and patterns within data.

Some of the main responsibilities of the computer systems analyst are:

  • Review computer system capabilities in a business by discussing with managers.
  • Examine emerging technologies to see if using them will improve the computer system performance.
  • Conduct a cost-benefit analysis so that business administration can evaluate whether upgrading IT systems and computing architecture is financially beneficial.
  • Define innovative ways to improve existing computer systems.
  • Design computer systems by selecting and setting hardware and software.
  • Supervise the installation and setup of new systems to adjust them to the company’s requirements.
  • Monitor computer system performance to check that the systems operate as intended. Train the end-users and prepare instruction manuals.
  • Examine and modify program and system malfunctions as well as perform systems management.

Types Of Computer Systems Analysts

Most computer systems analysts work as general practitioners, creating new systems or fine-tuning existing ones. Some work as specialist analysts.

In general, there are two main types of computer systems analysts:

  • QA (Quality Assurance) analysts

These analysts conduct comprehensive testing and troubleshooting program and system malfunctions. To ensure that the systems meet all the essential requirements, they carry out testing and analysis.

QA analysts often submit management reports in which they suggest methods for improving the systems.

  • Programmer analysts

Programmer analysts build programs that are specific to their company’s priorities. They are also in charge of designing and upgrading the system’s software.

Analysts that work in this field perform more programming and troubleshooting than the others.

However, they still collaborate closely with management analysts to identify the business requirements to create the appropriate applications.

Education and Training

To be able to work as a computer systems analyst, you need to equip yourself with professional knowledge and skills. Here are some requirements for your education.

Education Programs

A bachelor’s degree in information science, computer science, or a relevant subject is mandatory for many computer systems analyst positions.

Degree programs year comparison

However, some companies may accept other types of degrees as long as you can prove your talents.

  • Certificate Programs

A certification in computer systems analysis provides specialized instruction in database administration, software implementation, and networking.

Certificate students, unlike associate or bachelor’s degree students, do not pursue general education classes. Thus, their education only focuses on business and IT skills.

  • Associate Degree

An associate degree is a good place to start for aspiring computer systems analysts.

Aside from the general education classes like mathematics and English, students take fundamental courses in information technology, computer systems, and management. Business modules may be available in the program.

Most associate programs are 60 credits long and need two years to finish full-time.

  • Bachelor’s Degree

Students will complete the major qualifications and primary education courses.

Students can apply for computer systems analyst positions at the entry-level with a bachelor’s degree in information science, computer science, systems management, or a similar field.

Graduates can work as programming analysts, data processing analysts, and information systems analysts, among other positions.

A high school degree and graded exam results are generally necessary for entrance to a bachelor’s degree. Full-time students typically require four years to gain a bachelor’s degree.

  • Master’s Degree

A degree from this level in computer systems analysis can support computer systems analysts in progressing their careers and approach managerial positions.

Some businesses, especially in management positions, prefer to recruit applicants with a master’s degree.

The analysts with this degree in information systems or systems management have advanced abilities.

An MBA with a specialization in information management may be advantageous to professionals seeking a master’s degree.

Full-time learners generally require two years to finish a master’s degree. Meanwhile, some accelerated and online programs provide a faster path to the degree.

  • Doctoral Degree

Graduates with a Ph.D. are ready for the most advanced professions in the area, such as academic roles.

Most doctorate programs last 4 to 5 years. Admission to these programs necessitates a master’s degree.

Professional Certifications

Certifications in computer systems analysis, such as the CompTIA cybersecurity, show potential employers that you have advanced skills and knowledge.

Most certificates need a certain level of education, work experience, and an entrance exam.

Online certification for computer systems analysts is available from a variety of institutions.

Analysts can advance their professions by seeking certification and exploring expert development resources such as those supplied by the IEEE or the Association for Computing Machinery.

Necessary Skills

There are some skills you’ll need to excel in your profession as a systems analyst. Let’s categorize these into two groups: hard skills and soft skills.

Hard Skills

To be an excellent computer systems analyst, you’ll need to master a few technical abilities. Programming languages and technical practices are among these qualifications.

  • Systems Architecture

To monitor computer programs, you should be familiar with system architecture and how the systems interact with one another.

You have to browse Linux and set up, upgrade, and manage programs on the system.

Depending on the sort of employment you seek, you also need to comprehend the Windows system structure.

  • Networking

Maintaining an operating system will be a big part of your employment. As a result, you should have a decent grasp of how to network the systems together and what software and hardware enable system interaction.

  • Systems Analysis

Computer systems analysts should be able to evaluate and come up with methods to improve existing computer systems.

They will also need to perform a cost-benefit estimation based on the advantages of technological advances against whether they will add substantial long-term value to a business.

  • Hardware Configuration

Deploying new gear, such as servers, network infrastructure, and PCs, should be a piece of cake for computer systems analysts. They should explore technology that a company may benefit from.

After that, the analysts will need to establish the technology and ensure it’s appropriate for organizational usage.

  • Training

Computer systems analysts need to train those who don’t have technical experience using technological tools.

If your company upgrades to a new version of Windows, for example, make sure all the staff understands how it operates and how to use the system.

Managers may ask the analysts to develop instruction manuals, conduct hands-on training programs, or support other forms involving training.

Soft Skills

Computer systems analysts need more than technical expertise to be professional. They also require a set of interpersonal abilities.

If you want to become a computer systems analyst, train yourself to master those skills:

  • Teamwork

At some point, a computer systems analyst is almost certainly part of a team. You could collaborate with other systems analysts or the computer systems consultant.

Sometimes, you simply have employees working to ensure that everyone knows how to make the most of present tech.

In any case, you need to collaborate successfully and effectively with others.

  • Creativity

As a computer systems analyst, you’ll also get to think outside the box to solve complex issues.

There may be a short budget for a new system update. The analyst needs to figure out which technologies to afford within that expense.

Computer systems analysts need to be clever when deciding how the new technology will operate across a company.

  • Problem Solving

The goal of computer systems analysis is to solve issues. They determine where inefficiencies occur inside a company and how technology may aid in the removal of such inefficiencies.

They are also in charge of breaking down challenges into smaller parts and determining the best possible solution.

Essential Software and Tools

Computer systems analysts are responsible for the process of the whole system within a business. Their tasks will become easier with the assistance of some tools and software.


SQL is a computer language for managing data in the data warehouse. It’s especially suitable for managing structured data as a data tool for systems analysts.

The tool is among the top analyst tools utilized in many business applications and data situations.

Computer systems analysts consider SQL a crucial component of company success since most data stays in relational databases. The analyst just needs to access and discover its value.

Analysts can gain a competitive edge in their skills and experience by mastering them.


In comparison to other popular languages like Java, Python is incredibly easy to create.

Because of its syntax highlighting, the language is popular among users looking for an open-source alternative with straightforward development procedures.

Python works for data scanning, cleanup, modeling, and building algorithms based on business cases in systems analysis.

One of the finest aspects is how user-friendly it is. The analysts don’t have to memorize the system’s architecture or deal with memory.

MySQL Workbench

The analysts use MySQL Workbench to graphically create, organize, and execute SQL queries and administrate MySQL installations.

The application enables analysts to perform duties such as constructing and analyzing databases and documents while configuring servers. They can quickly back up and restore data, as well as examine audit data.

MySQL Workbench can also assist in migrating the business administration. It’s a comprehensive solution for analysts who work in relational database administration and businesses that need to maintain their databases and computer systems.


The process of simulation requires the formulation of a model that is mainly technical. The modeling defines the functioning of the computer system in terms of specific occurrences of the system’s constituent components.

The simulation model also includes the interactions between the system’s components.

As a result, simulation allows the analysts to break down the model-building process into smaller portions.

The analysts then bring these portions together in their natural arrangement and let the computer illustrate the consequence of their interactions.

Job Outlook and Salary

A computer systems analyst is a promising career with an ideal average salary range and high demand.

Average Salary

According to our research, in May 2021, the average yearly pay for the analysts was about $89,107.

Half of the employees in a given occupation paid more than that value, while the other half received less.

The bottom 10% made less than $51,819, while the top ten percent made more than $132,640.

Job Outlook

From 2020 to the next ten years, demand for computer systems analysts is likely to rise at a rate of 9%, which is around average for all professions.

The analysts will be in high demand to develop and deploy updated computer systems as companies across the industry become more reliant on IT.

Partnering with cloud services or businesses that employ experienced IT service suppliers for such employees will be more cost-efficient for smaller enterprises with fewer IT demands.

All the data hosting, processing, and associated services sector could benefit from the contracting.

Computer systems analysts can work for some companies, including government entities, for-profit, and nonprofit organizations.

Many factors, including the development of cloud computing, growing cybersecurity concerns, and technology deployment, are driving employment expansion for computer systems analytics.

The most aspiring industry for a computer systems analyst is healthcare.

The analysts will play a vital role in meeting the expected rise in the usage and deployment of electronic healthcare data, e-prescribing, and other types of healthcare IT.

Job Prospects

Knowing the particular field in which an analyst works is beneficial in obtaining a position.

An analyst having experience or training in health management, for example, may be a favorite candidate for the hospital.

Individuals with a business background may have a greater chance of landing a position as a computer systems analyst. The companies need someone who can understand their requirements.

Working Environment

Computer systems analysts may work for a company or as independent contractors. They frequently work on projects that need them to cooperate and interact with others.

Projects in the computer systems process and associated services business may be available for analysts. Then, when they finish the contract work, they can shift from one project to another.

The analysts can progress to project managers and handle a team of systems analysts with expertise. Some may advance to the position of IT manager or CTO (chief technology officer) in the future.

Pros and Cons of Being a Computer Systems Analyst

Computer systems analysts have some advantages in their profession compared to some other jobs. However, they face challenges that may interrupt their working process.


First, let’s talk about the benefits when you become a computer systems analyst.

  • Job outlook

We have mentioned the average salary for a computer systems analyst. The range varies in regions and companies. In general, it is a well-paid job. Once you climb up your career ladder, your income will rise considerably.

Moreover, the job is in high demand, especially in the healthcare industry.

Most businesses need skilled analysts to manage and maintain their systems. As a result, you don’t need to worry about unemployment.

  • Skillset

Becoming a computer systems analyst requires a set of hard skills and soft skills. You must acquire professional knowledge about computer science, computer systems, and some other related fields.

Moreover, soft skills such as communication are also necessary for the job.

After training yourself with the skills, you will be professional. You can deal with all the situations.

Thanks to the skillset, your future becomes brighter so that you can apply to any big company for important positions.

  • Sense of reward

The computer systems analyst plays a vital role in the business. They can help solve multiple problems. The feeling of being an important person is worthwhile.

A computer systems analyst must spend hours analyzing, assess, and review computer system capabilities. And, once they’ve done it, the result will always be rewarding.

  • Relationship

The computer systems analyst is a part of a team. They use their communication skills to interact and collaborate with others. Working with different analysts and departments is their duty.

Thanks to the interaction, they can expand and strengthen their relationship.


In addition to the benefits, there would be some challenges that most systems analysts may face.

  • Uninformed management

There are numerous employees with different duties in every firm. Higher management’s job is to monitor how the company runs and operates as effectively and profitably.

One of the most difficult tasks for a computer systems analyst is persuading upper management to recognize what the network and computer systems require to function effectively without worry of external dangers.

Upper management’s primary objective is generally to maximize profits while minimizing expenditures.

The computer systems analyst has to persuade them of the importance of the expenditure.

  • Communication

If a computer systems analyst is good at communication, everything will be easier. The strengthened bond within the business appears to be a benefit.

However, the analysts may face trouble if their communication skill is poor.

The analysts are very knowledgeable about computers. Many of them are more at ease with computers than with humans.

Because their profession needs them to communicate with many people, the analysts should have strong communication skills.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some frequently asked questions about computer systems analysts. We hope that you will find some helpful information from the answers.

1. Is a computer systems analyst a good career?

For individuals interested in computer science, IT, or management, a career as a computer systems analyst is a suitable fit.

You will work closely with a team, other analysts, or the computer systems consultant to effectively address problems with huge businesses’ computer systems.

2. How long does it take to become a computer systems analyst?

A bachelor’s degree may take four years. To work as a computer systems analyst, you may require prior experience.

Overall, the journey to becoming a professional computer systems analyst might require anywhere from 5 to 10 years.

3. Is programming compulsory for a computer system analyst?

Most systems analysts don’t need to write computer programming code. They will, however, often require a rudimentary grasp of computer hardware and coding languages.

The Bottom Line

Pursuing a computer systems analyst requires a skill set and technical background. You have a lot of choices in terms of education and training certificates to build and strengthen your knowledge.

Once you’ve become a computer systems analyst, you may face both advantages and disadvantages. However, you can totally overcome the difficulties with your talents.