Java Developer Career Overview & Outlook

Java is one of the well-established programming languages, and learning Java can allow you to build a great tech career, such as a Java developer. A Java developer is an honorable career that will grow in size in the future.

A Java developer is also essential today. They typically discover ways to meet all of the customers’ needs, from developing a beautiful website, a high-performing e-commerce site, to developing decent web-based applications.

Job Description

What is Java?

Java is one of the high-level object-oriented programming languages. It runs on the JVM (Java Virtual Machine), meaning your code can run on any machine compatible with Java.

Meanwhile, regarding other languages, if you are writing code, you may have to recompile based on the OS (operating system) you are using.

It makes Java pretty secure to use and fast. This programming language was developed at Sun Microsystems and is currently owned by Oracle.

Female Java developer

What is a Java Developer?

Java developers are programmers who design, develop, and manage Java-based software and apps. With most large organizations using Java to implement software systems and backend services, Java developers are considered one of the most currently sought-after professions.

As one Java developer, you are part of the Software/IT team within one enterprise. Depending on how your organization is structured, there might be a single software team or many smaller ones working on individual projects.


Java developers are responsible for many Java-related tasks throughout the software development lifecycle, including ideation, design, and testing.

They must create user information solutions by developing, deploying, and maintaining Java-based components and interfaces.

Job Roles

The roles of java developers might vary considerably depending on job positions and companies. Here are some everyday responsibilities and roles of these developers:

  • Design, deploy, and maintain Java apps that are often low-latency and high-volume, which is essential for mission-critical systems.
  • Offer high performance and availability.
  • Contribute to any phase of the development lifecycle.
  • Conduct software programming, testing, analysis, and debugging.
  • Write well-designed, testable, and efficient code.
  • Manage Java and Java EE app development.
  • Present for architectural review.
  • Investigate technologies and alternatives.
  • Support constant improvement.
  • Make stipulations from requirements.
  • Prepare and create releases of software components.
  • Make sure designs comply with specifications.

What Kinds of Businesses Can Java Developers Work In?

Java developers are now required in all sectors worldwide, although Java has been around for 25 years. The demand for these developers is still strong.

Small companies to multinational corporations always need Java developers to develop, test, and refine applications.

Education Requirements

Java developers need at least a bachelor’s degree in a related field.

Qualified professionals from many backgrounds can build a Java developer skill set if they want to become successful Java developers.

Many employers request or favor candidates with a Bachelor’s Degree or even a Master’s degree in Computer Engineering, Computer Science, or a related field.

Besides, hands-on software development experience, including Java, will boost your chances of landing a well-paying Java developer job.

In addition, obtaining a certificate should also be considered. While a certificate is often optional, it is worth the investment as it will give you many advantages, such as being favored by employers.

Java developers are hired on different levels based on their experience. Those levels might be categorized with years of experience, such as:

  • The entry-level Java developer: Has no years of experience or Internships.
  • The mid-level/Junior Java developer: From 1 to 2+ years of experience.
  • The senior Java developer: From 5 to 10+ years of experience.

Essential Skills

Java developers need to hone many skills to succeed.

As a java dev, you will need to hone many skills to succeed, including:

Basic Skills

  • JVM Internals
  • Java Build Tools
  • Java Testing Tools
  • Web Technologies
  • Code Version Control
  • System Design And Architecture
  • Object-Oriented Programming Concepts

Core Java Skills

  • Web Frameworks
  • Application Containers
  • Unit Testing
  • Java EE Components
  • DevOps Tools
  • Mastering The Principles Of SOLID
  • Big Data

Soft Skills

  • Teamwork
  • Ready to learn new things
  • Communication Skills

Essential Tools

In this top tools list, we will present to you the top 22 tools for Java Developers to help you make your job simpler.

  • Java Development Kit (JDK)
  • Apache JMeter
  • YourKit
  • Mockito
  • IntelliJ IDEA
  • Groovy
  • Spark
  • Cobertura
  • Eclipse
  • Gradle
  • Site 24×7
  • Java Performance Monitoring
  • Application Manager by Manage Engine
  • Patch Winds
  • JUnit 5
  • NetBeans
  • Maven
  • JRat
  • Ehcache
  • VisualVM
  • Oracle JDeveloper
  • FindBugs

Job Outlook

One of the factors that make Java developer jobs so prevalent is the great job opportunities and attractive salaries.

The demand for Java developers is always high with attractive salaries.

After approximately 30 years on the market, this language is still working very well. The fact is that many companies still use this programming language, making it one of the most popular programming languages in the world.

The widespread usage of this language, including mobile application and web development and modern techs, such as big data, blockchain, AI (artificial intelligence), and the Internet of Things (IoT), makes it more worth looking for a position as a Java developer.

Excellent employment opportunities are predicted for computer software developers working in systems software, including Java developers, from 2020 to 2030. According to the U.S. BLS, the rate was expected to increase by 22% during this decade.

As a result, choosing a career path as one Java programmer is most reasonable.


The average salary for a Java developer in the United States is $103,906 per year. This salary can be converted to $49.95 per hour, $1,998 per week, and $8,658 per month.

Most Java developer salaries range from $86,500 to $125,000, with top earners earning $145,500 annually across the US.

The average salary range for Java developers varies significantly (by as much as $38,500), suggesting many opportunities for increased pay and advancement based on location, years of experience, and skill level.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Despite the great benefits of being a java developer, this profession still has its downsides. Let’s learn both:


  • Java is one of the most widely used programming languages.
  • There is more to Java developing than coding.
  • Java development is collaborative.
  • Java is used in real-world applications.
  • Great career progression opportunities.


  • Verbose and Complex Code.
  • Degree and certificate requirements.
  • Can be pretty stressful.


Is a Java Developer a Good Career?

Yes, being a Java developer is a promising career. Although many new coding languages are emerging, many developers still primarily code in this programming language. As a result, getting a Java developer job is still a great career option.

What Do Projects Use Java?

The Java programming language can be used in various projects, and here are the most common ones:

  • Video games.
  • Desktop apps.
  • Web apps and sites.
  • Mobile apps.
  • Enterprise software.
  • Big Data.
  • Embedded systems.
  • Internet of Things.

What Are the Pros and Cons of Java?


  • Java is simple.
  • Java is a distributed language
  • Java supports multithreading
  • Java is a secure programming language.
  • Java features object-oriented programming.
  • Java offers various APIs for application development.
  • Java is a high-level language with only a mild learning curve.


  • Java code is verbose.
  • Java requires a rather significant space for memory.
  • Java lacks a native look and feel when used for desktop.

Why Is the Java Language So Popular?

This language has been around for a long time, with a thirty-year history.

During that time, it established itself as a leader in the programming world used for creating all kinds of software solutions.

Can I Learn Java by Myself?

It is not too difficult to learn Java yourself. There are various resources available for self-study or practice.

In addition, various webs will deliver hands-on experience and teach you how to program in Java, regardless of your experience level or age.

Should I learn Python Or Java?

If you are just starting with programming and prefer to dip your toes in without going all in, we recommend Python as it features simple syntax.

But if you’re pursuing engineering or computer science, you should start with Java as it will help you comprehend the programming’s inner workings.

Is Java Hard for Beginners?

Java is neither complicated nor simple. Many beginners struggled with its principles, but as you start experimenting and writing with its GUI capabilities, you will love it.

What Makes a Great Java Developer?

Successful Java developers have to be passionate about their responsibility and show it in every line of code.

They must understand many design algorithms or patterns while still following best practices from various fields, and software development is no exception.

What Job Can I Get With Java Programming?

With a solid knowledge of Java programming, it is possible to apply for many positions, including:

  • IT Manager
  • Senior Developer
  • Junior Developer
  • Java EE developer
  • Big Data Developer
  • Computer Architect
  • Java Android Developer

How Many Experiences Do I Need?

There are many entry-level positions for you to start as a Java developer, which will be ideal for people with limited experience. It will allow you to learn from experienced people and develop your skill set in a professional environment.

The senior Java developer is expected to own more advanced knowledge and must demonstrate a working knowledge of this programming language and its applications.

Can I Work From Home as a Java Developer?

As a Java developer, you can work from home, depending on your current work assignments and firm policy.

Why Is Java Bad?

Java isn’t bad, but it has shortcomings, such as verbose syntax, the absence of backups, and performance speed.

Career Advice

Hopefully, this post taught you about responsibilities, top skills, and future career opportunities if you become a Java Developer. Java has been consistently considered one of the most popular languages worldwide.

More and more firms are turning to Java as one of the languages of preference to modernize their applications. So if you are searching for a career switch to the technical field, java development is one of the wise choices.

After earning your first junior Java developer position, we recommend continually enhancing your experience and skill set. Those will increase your demand in the present or future market and allow you to stay ahead of the pack.